There are three forms of Islamic decoration, Islamic geometric patterns, arabesque, and Islamic Calligraphy. Most often all three of these arts are used together to create stunning designs. Wherever you go in the world you will see mosques adorned with these beautiful art forms. Human figures are usually avoided in Islamic art. In this post, we will discuss a brief history of Islamic geometric art patterns and show some beautiful examples.
Geometry is the language of symmetry in Islamic art. In Islamic geometric art, most shapes symbolize something. Like the circle will symbolize unity and the ultimate source of diversity in creation. Most geometric patterns are derived from a grid of polygons like triangles, squares, and hexagons. Geometric patterns are repeated again and again with no boundaries.
Islamic geometric design usually uses shapes like circle and triangles repeatedly, to create symmetry. The repetition and mirroring of these shapes create a sense of harmony. Geometric patterns are mostly two dimensional. They are usually applied to flat surfaces and though they don’t have any shading in them, an artist usually overlaps a pattern repeatedly to create a sense of depth in the design, which is in harmony and pleasing.